Jewellery Education

Our jewellery education guide will help you learn everything you need to know to make an informed decision on the ideal diamond or other gemstone/s, metals, materials & design elements for your custom ring or other fine jewellery.

What is Moissanite Gemstone?

Moissanite is a real and valuable gemstone and affordable alternative to standard diamonds. It has more fire, brilliance and lustre than any other gemstone and Forever Chic Jewellery’s Moissanite Jewellery, is the highest quality around. It is cut for maximum lifetime brilliance, sparkle and durability.

What are Lab Diamonds Vs Natural Diamonds?

Lab diamonds consist of the exact same chemical composition and materials as natural earth mined diamonds. The only difference is they originate from a lab rather than the earth and so are more affordable while maintaining high value and popularity. Most diamond jewellery available is in fact, is made with lab grown diamonds. Forever Chic Jewellery use both genuine lab diamonds and ethical natural diamonds in our jewellery. Contact us with your request or enquiry for any diamond jewellery required or desired from our store.

What are Lab Gemstones Compared to Natural?

Forever Chic Jewellery uses both genuine lab grown coloured gemstones and natural gemstones depending on the listing and customer’s request. Regarding our lab grown gemstones, they are genuine, real gemstones, identical chemically, physically and optically to natural earth mined gemstones. The only difference is they originate from a lab rather than the earth and so are more affordable while maintaining high value and popularity. Natural gemstones are in fact fairly rare and take millions of years to grow.

More About Moissanite Gemstone

Moissanite is a genuine and valuable gemstone and affordable alternative to standard diamonds. Although Moissanite has a different faceting system than regular diamond, it is consistently reported to have more fire, brilliance and lustre than any other gemstone. Forever Chic Jewellery uses only the highest quality Moissanite in our jewellery. In fact, the Moissanite in our rings and other jewellery have a higher refractive score than a standard diamond, meaning it produces more sparkle and shine. Our Moissanite has a refractive index from 2.65 – 2.69, which is higher than the average diamond.Additionally, Moissanite also has only just under the Mohs scale of hardness of a standard diamond making it very durable, maintaining its sparkle and value and making it scratch-resistant. To the naked eye, it is impossible to distinguish between a standard diamond and Moissanite gemstone, saving you many many more thousands of dollars for the same or even better look.

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Learn More About Genuine Lab Grown Diamonds

Genuine lab diamonds have the same physical, chemical and optical properties as earth mined diamonds and so are still real diamonds.

Genuine, lab diamonds or Man-made diamonds, also known as engineered or cultured diamonds, are grown in highly controlled laboratory environments using advanced technological processes that duplicate the conditions under which diamonds naturally develop when they form in the mantle, beneath the Earth’s crust. They are still considered real, genuine diamonds just like natural earth mined diamonds.

These man-made diamonds consist of actual carbon atoms arranged in the characteristic diamond crystal structure. Since they are made of the same material as natural diamonds, they exhibit the same optical and chemical properties.

Our lab-grown diamonds are now readily available in a variety of colourless ranges. Cultured diamonds are also available in fancy colours that are considered very rare in nature, including popular hues of vivid fancy yellow. Fancy coloured lab diamonds sell at comparatively reasonable prices compared to their natural coloured diamond counterparts.

Diamond Education

Understanding the 4 C's of Diamond Shopping

1. Clarity

Diamond Education on Clarity

With most diamonds, there is more than meets the eye! Learn how the presence of natural inclusions and blemishes on and within a diamond impacts its appearance and value.Generally speaking clarity refers to a diamond’s sparkle. A diamond with a poor clarity grade has multiple inclusions, which directly reduces its sparkle. Because inclusions hinder the refraction and return of light, the lower the clarity grade, the cloudier the diamond will appear.

Additional Information on Diamond Clarity

Additionally, clarity refers to how clean or clear the diamond is with respect to natural microscopic characteristics that were trapped within or on the diamond while it was forming. Internal characteristics are known as inclusions, and characteristics on the surface of the gem are known as blemishes. Inclusions may be crystals of a foreign material or structural imperfections such as tiny cracks, known as feathers, which can appear whitish or cloudy.Often times the inclusions are microscopic diamonds that were absorbed by the larger crystal before the diamond was carried to the surface of the Earth. The quantity, size, color, location, orientation, and visibility of inclusions all affect the final clarity grade of a diamond. Diamonds with no or few inclusions are considered particularly rare and highly valued.

Diamond Clarity Chart -

Diamond Clarity Chart Continued -

Diamond Clarity Chart Explained

Diamond inclusions are internal flaws and blemishes. Below is a list of the diamond clarity grading in order of best clarity quality first. Refer to the images above to view the different clarity grades explained here.


FL diamonds are Flawless and extremely rare and so enormously expensive. No flaws or blemishes are noticeable to a skilled expert under 10x magnification. 


IF diamonds are Internally Flawless and also have no observed flaws or blemishes to a skilled expert under 10x magnification. 


VVS diamonds (1 and 2) are Very, Very Slightly Included, ie. show some very very minor flaws and blemishes under a 10x magnification but extremely difficult to notice unaided. 

VS1 VS2 

VS diamonds (1 and 2) are Very Slightly Included and also only noticeable also under a 10x magnification aid. 

SI1 SI2 

SI diamonds (1 and 2) are Slightly Included, ie. have noticeable inclusions that range from easy to very easy to see and are visible to a skilled grader using 10x magnification. 

I1 I2 I3 

I diamonds (1, 2 and 3) are Imperfect where obvious inclusions (ie. flaws and blemishes) are visible and very easily visible to a skilled grader using 10x magnification. This clarity will most likely affect the transparency and brilliance of the diamond significantly. 

2. Cut

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Diamond Education on Cut

The skill with which a diamond is cut determines how well it reflects and refracts light. Learn how the balance of precision and craftsmanship unlocks a diamond’s unique brilliance and lustre. If a diamond is cut poorly, it will appear dull even if it has a high colour and clarity grade. Forever Chic Jewellery is committed to crafting the most expertly proportioned diamonds.

Additional Information on Diamond Cut

The cut of a diamond refers not to its shape, but to the balance of proportion, symmetry and polish achieved by the diamond cutter. The extent of how well the diamond is cut is directly related to the diamond’s overall beauty. When a diamond has been correctly cut, the diamond’s ability to reflect and refract light is greatly enhanced. By understanding the way that light moves through diamond crystals, modern diamond cutters have established a specific set of proportions and angles that are known to harness the diamond’s internal brilliance and to show it in its best light.     

Diamond Cut Quality Explained

Cut is the only one of the 4Cs that is affected by jewellery physical craftsmanship.  Two diamonds may have the same clarity, colour and carat weight, but cut is what determines whether or not a diamond is superior to the other. In other words, cut is responsible for the quality and degree of a diamond’s sparkle. The following are the 3 factors that determine a diamond’s cut:   


How the size and angles relate to the different parts of the stone.


How precisely the various facets of a diamond align and intersect.


The details and placement of the facet shapes as well as the outside finish of the diamond.

3. Colour

Diamond Education on Colour

Colour of a diamond refers to the natural tint characteristic in white diamonds. In nature, most white diamonds have a slight tint of yellow. The closer to being “colourless” a diamond is, the rarer it is, thus more costly. The industry standard for grading colour is to assess each diamond against a master set and assign a letter grade from “D” (colourless) to “Z” (light yellow).

Additional Information on Diamond Colour

Colour refers to the natural body colour of a diamond and not to the reflection of spectral colours that flash when a diamond moves. Most diamonds naturally exhibit slight hints of yellow, brown, or gray. This colour is caused by natural trace elements of nitrogen that were present when the diamond formed under the Earth’s crust. The less colour a diamond exhibits, the higher the rarity, and therefore the higher the value.Diamonds with less colour allow more light to pass, releasing more brilliance and fire. A diamond acts as a prism by dividing light into a spectrum of colours and reflecting this light as colourful flashes called dispersion or fire. Similar to looking through coloured glass, colour in a diamond will diminish the spectrum of colour, or fire, emitted by acting as a filter. A diamond with a higher colour grade, i.e., one with less colour, demonstrates more colourful fire.

Diamond Colour Chart

Diamond Colour Chart Explained -

Colour is the second most important of the 4Cs because the colour grade directly affects the diamond’s appearance. Diamonds with a poor colour grade can appear slightly yellow instead of the desired brilliant white. Generally speaking most retail stores sell diamond jewellery in the near colourless to faint yellow range. Forever Chic Jewellery however always creates our diamond jewellery within the colourless and occasionally near colourless grade (DEF to GH) at exceptional value for money. 




Near Colourless  


Faint Yellow  


Very Light Yellow  


Light Yellow

4. Carat

Diamond Education on Carat (Size)

Carats is the most visually apparent factor when comparing diamonds. Learn how this unique weight scale is used to measure gemstones.

Carat (ct.) refers to the unique unit of weight measurement used exclusively to weigh gems and diamonds. Carat weight is often confused with visual size even though it is actually a measurement of weight. Depending on the shape and type of gemstone being weighed, the weight will visually show itself differently. For example, a 1.00 ct. round diamond will measure around 6.5mm, and a 1.00 ct. round sapphire will measure around 6.0mm. This is due to the varying density of different gemstones.

Total carat weight (t.c.w.) is a phrase that represents the total weight of all diamonds or other gemstones in a piece of jewellery, when more than one gemstone is used. Diamond solitaire earrings, for example, are usually quoted in t.c.w., indicating the combined weight of the diamonds in both earrings.

Diamond Carat Chart (See Below)

Carat weight can appear differently across different diamond shapes such as round brilliant, princess, pear, oval, cushion, marquise, emerald, radiant or heart. A diamond may have a higher carat weight without appearing larger and two diamonds of the same carat weight can vary in size if one is cut deeper than the other. In other words, it is important to note that carat weight does not necessarily denote size.

Taken by itself, carat weight does not determine a diamond’s value. For example, two one-carat stones can vary widely in price when clarity, colour and cut are taken into consideration.

Coloured Gemstones - Jewellery Education

About Lab Grown Coloured Gemstones

Coloured gemstones created in a lab are chemically, physically and optically identical to those mined from the earth. They have fewer flaws, a lighter carbon footprint and are less costly. Some coloured gemstones are rarer, harder to get, and quite expensive. That’s why lab-created gemstones are available as alternatives which are still considered real, genuine gemstones. The more expensive and hard-to-find natural coloured gemstones in jewellery, such as blue sapphire and other coloured sapphires, emeralds, rubies and opals, are popular lab-created coloured gemstones. It’s important to note, they are not fake/gemstone imitations; but the real deal.  Additionally lab gemstones are environmentally friendly. They do not tax natural resources the way the process for natural gems do — a fraction of the utilities and resources are used and they leave behind fewer pollutants.

How Are Lab Grown Coloured Gemstones Created?

  • The mineral composition of lab-created coloured gemstones is created through a process similar to what nature does under the ground over millions of years, but in a highly technologically advanced lab at a fraction of the time, and cost of mining. 
  • Due to lab-created coloured gemstones relying on a steady, controlled process of applying minerals, heat and pressure, they usually have fewer inclusions, ie. flaws and blemishes than natural earth mined coloured gemstones